Month: March 2018

Different Types of FPGA Boards

Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) boards are an important interface of semiconductor devices that leverage programmable interconnects for connection and are based around a CLBs or configurable logic blocks’ matrix. Upon manufacture, it is possible to reprogram FPGAs in order to fit desired functionality or application requirements. Typically, FPGAs are truly parallel circuits unlike processors, which imply that there is no competition for the same resources for different processing operations. However, for most devices, an electrical interface to the input/output pins of FPGA is only provided by the hardware of FPGA board. As such, the user will need to construct a logic that provides a controller or circuit of a device interface using the internal logic of FPGA.

FPGA Boards are undoubtedly varied and are inherently highly versatile with numerous different features. Interestingly, these features of FPGA Boards are packed into a particular architecture and package. This begs the question, what are the different types of FPGA Boards? And Voila! The answer can be given with succinct certainty to affirm that several types exist. Alternatively, it is also imperative to elucidate why it has not been possible to design FPGA Boards with potential to predominantly utilize such features simultaneously, instead of having slightly varied, but multiple options that are almost the same. This would resolve the challenge of designing multiple options of FPGA Boards, a milestone that has proven a daunting task to actualize.

FPGA Boards are universally integrated circuits in which various technologies are used to store configuration bit-streams. These technologies are the ones that form the criteria for the classification of the different types of FPGA Boards including: SRAM-based FPGA Boards, Flash-based FPGA Boards, SRAM-based FPGAs Boards that include an internal Flash memory, as well as Fuse or Antifuse-based FPGA Boards. The last type of FPGA Boards is a one-time programmable integrated circuit, and not as dominant as other types. This means that although the FPGA Boards which are one-time programmable are available, SRAM-based FPGA Boards are the dominant types, because they can be reconfigured as the design evolves in order to ensure their optimal utilization is realized.

Logic cells configuration data in this type of FPGA Boards is stored in the static memory, which is subtly distinguished by its array of latches organization. However, there must be configuration in this type of FPGA Boards upon start partly due to the volatility of SRAMs, and also because in absence of power source they cannot keep data. Learn more at

SRAM-based FPGA Boards with Internal Flash Memory

These FPGA Boards are generally similar to previous ones, with the exception that blocks of internal flash memory are included in them. This architecture design ensures that the need to have a non-volatile external memory is eliminated. However, Flash memory in these FPGA Boards is only used during startup for the purpose of loading data to configuration cells of the SRAM.

Flash-based FPGA Boards

In this type of FPGA Boards, SRAMS are not required. This is mainly because Flash memories are used as the configuration storage’s primary resource.

Fuse or Antifuse-based FPGA Boards

The main difference between this type of FPGA Boards and the previous ones is that they are only programmable once. However, as opposed to the Fuse-based FPGA Boards, the Antifuse-based FPGA Boards act as an open circuit at first, but, it can later be short-circuited during the programming of the FPGA.

Benefits of using a payment processor

There are times when we feel unsure as to whether or not we should buy through the Internet because we are not confident if the store where we are buying from can be trusted with our credit card information. That’s why it is essential for both buyer and seller to have a medium wherein their banking and credit card information is secure. And what better medium can there be than payment processors?


Payment processors such as allow for a secure way of processing payments from customers to sellers and will enable customers to feel this security because their credit card information is not even available to the sellers. Customer and seller, security is also not the only reasons why this service is significant these days.To understand why your business needs a payment processor let us consider their other advantages:


1.They are Faster.

There is no need to wait for your bank to go online for your customers to pay. This means convenience for them because they will then be able to buy anytime they want.


2. Efficient.

Payment processors accept payments even in foreign currencies. When you have a payment processor, you can receive money from any part of the world, and the amount will directly be converted to US dollars for you to withdraw.


3. Trustworthy.

Yes, it’s already been mentioned earlier that they allow for a very secure method of payment, but I cannot stress this enough. Payment processors only ask details that are important such as phone number, address, name, and bank account, and you do not need to put in more information such as names of your family members, their occupations, etc. You don’t even need a picture. What’s important is that you have your bank account as a means to transfer the money to you so you can withdraw it. Add to that the fact that customers always feel safer when they know stores don’t hold their credit card/bank account information.


4. Reliable.

Even when your bank is offline, your customer can pay through the payment processor, and you can withdraw your money later when your bank resumes operations.


5. Convenient.

Convenience here means 24/7, and when you say 24/7, that means no holidays and no waiting periods. You can just pay anytime and anywhere you want.


Lastly, payment processing systems keep businesses running. They allows big companies to outsource their payments so that they can concentrate on their customers and services.The online payment processors and Credit card companies , in turn, make a good profit for their services by acquiring a small proportion of the total transactions for their managing role. Our society used to be cash-and-carry only. Currently we have

thousands of options when it comes to the payment options for every transaction. If you are headed to a local farmer’s market, you might be surprised how many vendors now take cards and other types of electronic payment processors. In fact, so many businesses make payment processors now, be they hot dog vendors or large retail stores, that it seems odd if a company doesn’t take cards or online payments.

The trouble of moving addresses

We have all found ourselves in this situation- you are moving into a different state, town, or a different side of the city. This may happen due tojob requirements, family needs or at worst, family break-ups necessitating you to start an entirely new life somewhere else. Many who have experienced it will have an idea of why it’s tough to keep moving homes. What makes so many people fear and shy away from this undertaking when you have


The most nuisance part about this is parking your breakable and even oddly shaped items. This will involve trying to fit them in a snug and wrapping them with newspapers. The most challenging part about this is packing daily those items which you will need since you will have to ensure that they are packed last and at the top Items getting lost and being broken

Sometimes against your wish, you will break something valuable to you as you move. As you will soon realize, not all homes are alike, and it is possible that you will not find a place to place some of your current valuables. You are even likely to lose items of high value if you choose a moving company which is not competitive.

Challenges of moving large furniture

The best way to move large furniture and other items is hiring a moving company. However, this is not generally afforded to many. In such case, you will struggle much with the beds, cabinets, desks among others. You may even find yourself hiring a person or two to assist you in the moving.

Furniture not fitting in New Home

The hardest and probably the most painful thing about moving is that you may have to sell some furniture or give them away for not needed in your new home. Again, not all homes are alike and equal in size, and their unpredictability affects the moving person much.

Challenges of maintaining two households

This challenge faces those who buy a new home without first selling their current home. This will make one have two mortgages to pay for, and other sets of utilities. It is also hard to control both houses, besides keeping them in good shape

Caring for people and Pets

If you have small children, this challenge is imminent. This is because you may be forced to organize for their separate movement together with any family pet you have. If the distance is extended, the process is tiring and not safe for the kids. Again, it will be expensive.

Acquiring new driving license and Registrations

Some states require that you renew your driving license or change it all together. The registration of the car plate is mandatory in some countries, which is not only expensive but also tiresome. Some real estate companies have complicated paperwork that will take most of your time.

Challenge of transferring your utilities

You will have to turn on and off some of the local services. In a case where your agent is not well versed in the procedures, you may find yourself spending extra time and money to sort this issue.


Those are some of the challenges which accrue to someone who is moving home. That’s why it’s tough to keep moving homes. Although most of them can be solved by having a supportive and competitive moving company, one needs to be prepared to face them.